History



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The foundation of the Otto-Schott-Institut in the year 1966 is closely connected with the appointment of Werner Vogel as a full professor of glass chemistry. The Otto-Schott-Institut is part of the Faculty of Chemistry and Geoscience of the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena. From the 60s up to the 90s, the Otto-Schott-Institut was involved into the education of chemists, especially with respect to "glass chemistry/chemistry of materials", since the 90s, also in the education of materials scientists. Besides, the institute is engaged in the education of other natural scientists. Since the number of students increased strongly in the past few years, also the teaching duties increased.

Prof. Dr. W. Vogel was retired at the end of 1990, and in October 1992 Prof. Dr. Christian RĂ¼ssel was appointed as full professor of glass chemistry.


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In the past 20 years, research in the chair of glass chemistry was focused on glass and glass-ceramics. With respect to the fundamentals, the establishment of composition/structure/properties relationships was the main topic. Here various glass systems, such as silicate-, borate-, borosilicate-, phosphate- and tellurite glasses were considered. With respect to the resulting properties, physical, chemical and biological properties, such as bio activity or resorptivity were studied. Special optical properties, such as optical non-linearity or laser activity are investigated in corporation with other groups. Structural studies are focused on spectroscopy, microscopy and electron microscopy.

 

Glass-ceramics are of special importance for the Institute. Here, fundamental studies on nucleation, crystal growth as well as on the preparation of nano glass-ceramics and oriented glass-ceramics are carried out.

 

The chair of glass chemistry always intended to bring results of fundamental studies as fast as possible to an industrial application. Here, two topics should be mentioned: glasses for optical applications, such as laser glasses or glasses for laser optics and glass-ceramics, e.g. machinable, high strength or oriented glass-ceramics.

 

In the past years, international activities strongly increased. Partnerships with Institutes in Brazil (Universidade Federal Sao Carlos), Bulgaria (Academy of Science and University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia) and the Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio, Madrid, were intensified.

 

In the years 2010 to 2012, 42 journal papers (Web of Science) with external partners were published.